Archaeologists in Egypt have found an unlimited tunnel beneath a temple on the historical metropolis of Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria.
The 4,281-foot-long (1,305 meters) tunnel, which introduced water to 1000’s of individuals in its heyday, was found by an Egyptian-Dominican Republic archaeological group, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities mentioned in an announcement (opens in new tab).
Historic Egyptian builders constructed the 6.6-foot-high (2 m) tunnel at a depth of about 65 toes (20 m) beneath the bottom, Kathleen Martínez, a Dominican archaeologist and director of the group that found the tunnel, advised Reside Science in an e mail. “[It] is an actual duplicate of Eupalinos Tunnel in Greece, which is taken into account as probably the most essential engineering achievements of antiquity,” Martinez mentioned. The Eupalinos tunnel, in Samos, a Greek island within the japanese Aegean Sea, additionally carried water.
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The archaeology of the Taposiris Magna temple is complicated. Elements of it are submerged beneath water and the temple has been hit by quite a few earthquakes over the historical past of its existence, inflicting in depth harm. The tunnel at Taposiris Magna dates to the Ptolemaic interval (304 B.C. to 30 B.C.), a time when Egypt was dominated by a dynasty of kings descended from considered one of Alexander the Nice‘s generals.
Finds inside the tunnel included two alabaster heads: considered one of which probably depicts a king, and the opposite represents one other high-ranking particular person, Martinez mentioned. Their precise identities are unknown. Cash and the stays of statues of Egyptian deities have been additionally discovered within the tunnel, Martinez mentioned.
On the time the tunnel was constructed, Taposiris Magna had a inhabitants of between 15,000 and 20,000 individuals, Martinez mentioned. The tunnel was constructed beneath a temple that honored Osiris, an historical Egyptian god of the underworld, and Isis, an Egyptian goddess who was Osiris’s spouse.
Earlier work within the temple uncovered a hoard of cash minted with the face of Cleopatra VII. Excavations at Taposiris Magna and evaluation of artifacts from the location are ongoing.