An explosion of extraordinarily uncommon pink auroras just lately lit up the evening sky above Norway after a photo voltaic storm slammed into Earth and ripped a gap within the planet’s magnetic area. The breach enabled extremely energetic photo voltaic particles to penetrate deeper into the environment than regular, triggering the bizarre coloured lights.
The beautiful mild present was noticed Nov. 3 by a tour group led by Markus Varik, a northern lights tour information from the Greenlander tour firm (opens in new tab) primarily based close to Tromsø in Norway. The colourful auroras emerged at round 6 p.m. native time and lasted for round 2 minutes, Varik advised Dwell Science in an e mail.
“These have been the strongest pink auroras I’ve seen in additional than a decade of main excursions,” Varik mentioned. “It was a humbling expertise.”
The pink auroras emerged shortly after a small crack appeared within the magnetosphere — an invisible magnetic area surrounding Earth that’s generated by the planet’s fluid steel core. Scientists detected the breach after a minor G-1 class photo voltaic storm slammed into Earth on Nov. 3, in keeping with Spaceweather.com (opens in new tab).
Associated: Do extraterrestrial auroras happen on different planets?
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Auroras are shaped when streams of extremely energetic charged particles, often called photo voltaic wind, move across the magnetosphere. The planet’s magnetic area protects us from cosmic radiation, however the defend is of course weaker on the North and South Poles, which allows the photo voltaic wind to skim via the environment — normally between 62 and 186 miles (100 and 300 kilometers) above Earth’s floor. As photo voltaic particles move via the environment, they superheat gases, which then vibrantly glow within the evening sky, in keeping with NASA (opens in new tab).
Auroras mostly seem inexperienced, as a result of oxygen atoms, that are plentiful within the a part of the environment that photo voltaic wind usually reaches, emit that hue when they’re excited. Nonetheless, in the course of the current photo voltaic storm, the crack in Earth’s magnetosphere enabled the photo voltaic wind to penetrate beneath 62 miles, the place nitrogen is probably the most plentiful fuel, in keeping with Spaceweather.com. Consequently, the auroras gave off a neon pink glow because the supercharged particles smashed principally into nitrogen atoms.
The crack in Earth’s magnetosphere additionally helped to generate sturdy inexperienced auroras all through the evening, Varik mentioned.
The magnetosphere gap closed round 6 hours after it first opened. Throughout this time, a wierd ribbon of blue mild additionally emerged within the skies above Sweden, the place it hung immobile within the sky for round half-hour, in keeping with Spaceweather.com (opens in new tab).
Nonetheless, specialists are uncertain if this uncommon phenomenon was some never-before-seen kind of aurora brought on by the compromised magnetosphere, or if it was the results of one thing else. One professional instructed that the ribbon might have been made up of frozen gasoline from a Russian rocket, however no rockets have been noticed within the space, in keeping with Spaceweather.com.