1654 — Island bought from Native People by the English physician Thomas Pell.
1864 — Used as a coaching floor for the thirty first Regiment of the USA Coloured Troops, a segregated regiment of the Union Military.
1865 — Greater than 3,000 Accomplice prisoners of struggle are imprisoned on the island.
1868 — Town Division of Charities and Correction purchases the island for a brand new municipal burial floor known as Metropolis Cemetery. Public burials start the next 12 months and proceed to today.
1885 — The Pavilion, a 300-patient ladies’s insane asylum, is constructed. The asylum closes in 1895 and is later used as a large number corridor and workhouse for younger males incarcerated on the island. Additionally it is used as a shoe manufacturing facility by Phoenix Home within the Nineteen Seventies.
1931 — Cornerstone laid for the Catholic chapel. Constructed on metropolis land, it’s utilized by a number of denominations till 1966.
Fifties — Two antiaircraft Nike missile silos constructed. After decommissioning, hatchways to their underground magazines are sealed.
1967 — Phoenix Home begins utilizing an outdated tubercular hospital, development date unknown, for drug remedy.
1976 — Phoenix Home ordered to depart the island as ferry service is reduce in the course of the metropolis’s fiscal disaster. Vandals start damaging buildings.
2015 — An inside Buildings Division draft report recommends the demolition of 13 deteriorated buildings and the fencing of the Pavilion and the chapel. It additionally recommends “speedy restore” of the century-old Document Storage Constructing and a pumping station.
2016 — New York State designates all of Hart Island eligible for itemizing on the State and Nationwide Registers of Historic Locations due to historic, architectural and archaeological significance.
2019 — Metropolis legal guidelines are handed to switch management of the island from the Division of Correction to the Parks Division by 2021 and to make Metropolis Cemetery extra accessible to households of these buried there.
2020 — An inside Buildings Division draft report says that “eight-foot-high chain-link fences with lockable gates are viable choices” for 16 vacant buildings however recommends demolition of all 16. The Document Storage Constructing is once more advisable for “speedy restore.”
June 5, 2021 — The Buildings Division, citing public security, points an emergency order for the “speedy demolition of 18 unsafe and harmful buildings,” together with the Pavilion, the chapel and the Document Storage Constructing.
July 1, 2021 — Management of the island is legally transferred to the Parks Division, though the Correction Division continues working the island within the brief time period.
July 14, 2021 — Working to resolve “questions and considerations” in regards to the proposed demolition, the Workplace of Comptroller Scott M. Stringer approves an amended emergency request from town to rent a development supervisor to find out the timeline, scope and pricing of the mission. To proceed with the demolition on an emergency foundation, town should nonetheless receive ultimate approval from the comptroller’s workplace.
Sources: Historic Districts Council; Melinda Hunt; New York Metropolis Buildings Division paperwork; New York State Division of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation; New York Metropolis Council; New York Metropolis Mayor’s Workplace.
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